Framework

The National Credit and Qualifications Framework means an instrument developed for the classification of qualifications according to a set criteria, for specified levels of learning achieved. The framework also facilitates the coordination of education and training in Botswana, assessment of learning and the award of credits and certificates. The framework sets quality standards in the provision of education and training in Botswana, as well as moderation across fields of learning and levels of qualifications.

Objectives

  • To promote internal and external system articulation
  • Promotes lifelong learning.
  • Provides access and progression in education and training.
  • Supports a Human Resource Development driven approach to the economy.
  • Creates a better fit between labour supply and demand.
  • Promotes international recognition of the local qualifications


NCQF Architecture
 

 

SUB-FRAMEWORKS

 

Level

General Education

TVET

Higher Education

Minimum Credit Totals

10

 

Doctoral Degree

Doctoral Degree

360

9

 

Master’s Degree

Master’s Degree

240

8

 

Bachelor’s Degree Honours

Post-Graduate Diploma

Post-Graduate Certificate

Bachelor’s Degree Honours

Post-Graduate Diploma

Post-Graduate Certificate

120

7

 

Bachelor’s Degree

Bachelor’s Degree

360

6

 

Diploma

Diploma

240

5

Botswana Certificate V

Certificate V

 

120

4

Botswana Certificate IV

Certificate IV

 

60

3

Botswana Certificate III

Certificate III

 

40

2

Botswana Certificate II

Certificate II

 

40

1

Botswana Certificate I

Certificate I

 

40

 

Level Descriptors
 

Level

Knowledge

Skills

Competence

10

 

 

Most advanced Knowledge at the frontier f a field of work or study, Advancement of frontiers of existing knowledge or professional practice in a discipline, professional and/or interdisciplinary discourse through research and high level reflective practice.

Ability to undertake original and scholarly research of international standard to solve problems; Highest level of specialized skills and techniques including critical analysis, evaluation and synthesis of new and complex ideas to develop new knowledge and approaches or extend and redefine existing knowledge and professional practice; Ability to develop and implement a strategy for dissemination of research findings and defend the research work and outputs before a diverse audience.

Self- directed and demonstrates strategic leadership,  high level mastery of professional practice  and associated systems design, implementation and management with full responsibility and accountability for resource management, own work output  and of others. Sustained commitment to development of new ideas and processes at the forefront of the profession, through research and high level reflective practice, Exercises a high level of initiative, authority, and autonomy, scholarly and professional integrity in a wide range of contexts.

9

Advanced knowledge at the frontier of a specialized discipline or cross-disciplinary fields. Capable of contributing towards development of professional practice through research or reviewing existing knowledge.

Demonstrates a high level of mastery of the field of study or practice and capacity to retrieve, evaluate, analyse and interpret information to make propositions and judgments; critical analysis and evaluation of existing professional practice and ability to comprehend and put issues and ideas in perspective; Specialized research and capacity to develop and apply new skills and techniques to identify and solve problems in a range of professional contexts.

Self-directed study or work within a discipline or profession, making informed decisions with considerable authority. Demonstrates innovation, autonomy, scholarly and professional integrity; Takes responsibility for contributing to professional knowledge and practice and accountability for resource management, own work output and of others.

8

Highly specialized knowledge in a discipline or profession involving critical analysis and independent evaluation of qualitative and quantitative data. Grounded understanding of contemporary theories, principles and concepts that can form the basis for professional judgment and/or research.

Demonstrates mastery of professional practice in a particular field of work or study.  Ability to manage functions and processes. Capacity to carry out basic research, critical evaluation and synthesis of ideas, issues and concepts. Capable of identifying and solving complex and unpredictable problems.

Applies a range of advanced specialist knowledge and skills with a sense of identification with and responsibility for the integrity of the profession. Exercises autonomy, initiative and authority and takes responsibility and accountability for own work output and of others within a field of work or study. 

7

Specialized Knowledge in a field of work or study including understanding of methods of enquiry and established codes of practice and capacity for critical analysis and interpretation of information.

Capacity to carry out processes that require the use of specialized basic and applied research skills to solve problems, manage processes within broad parameters for specified activities and work outputs.

Applies a range of advanced technical processes and skills to generate solutions to unpredictable and complex problems; Demonstrates considerable responsibility and accountability for own work output and of others within a field of work or study. 

6

 Advanced knowledge of a field of work or study involving understanding of theories and principles.

 Applies advanced skills and demonstrates mastery of and innovation required to identify and solve complex and unpredictable problems in a specialized field of work or study.

Demonstrate ability to select and apply technical processes and assume responsibility for design and/or management of processes within defined area(s) of expertise, including accountability for personal and group outcomes.

5

Broad technical knowledge and understanding of underlying concepts and principles as well as standard codes of practice within a field of work or study.

Capacity to apply a broad range of cognitive and practical skills required to solve abstract problems in a relevant occupation or profession

Performs complex work and demonstrates autonomy, self-direction, accountability, and responsibility for related work outputs with potential to supervise work / learning of others.

4

Broad knowledge of practical concepts and processes and capacity to interpret information to make informed judgments of concrete, abstract and often unfamiliar problems.

Capacity to perform a significant range of practical and cognitive tasks. Ability to select and use relevant procedures and techniques to solve a variety of concrete, abstract and unfamiliar problems.

Demonstrates  independence, responsibility and accountability for own work / learning and potential for supervisory functions

3

Basic operational and theoretical knowledge of a field of work or study and ability to interpret basic information.

Demonstrates a range of basic cognitive and practical skills and has capacity to perform a range of tasks or standard processes in a specific field of work or study using basic methods, tools and materials.

Performs routine work under supervision and takes some responsibility for own learning and completion of work.

2

Basic factual knowledge and capacity to interpret basic information. 

Demonstrates basic cognitive and practical skills and capacity to perform basic tasks using simple tools.

Works under close supervision in structured contexts. 

1

Elementary  knowledge associated with literacy, numeracy and cognitive faculties required to carry out simple tasks

Demonstrates elementary skills required to perform simple and familiar tasks using simple tools.

Works under direct guidance and supervision in highly structured contexts